Israel and the Gaza Strip

News event: Israel and the Gaza Strip


500 Words We Should Know About the Israel-Gaza Strip Relations


The Gaza Strip is an autonomous Palestinian territory situated on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Egypt to the southwest by 7 miles and Israel to the east and north along a 32-miles border. The land is 25.5 miles long and 3.8-7.5 miles wide, with a total area of ​​227 square kilometers inhabited by about 1.85 million Palestinians (there are no reliable censuses). Gaza has an annual population growth rate of 2.91%, the 13th highest in the world, which is why it is often referred to as an overcrowded land.


Unfortunately, and despite there is not a single Israeli left in Gaza (2005), the political and security situation in Gaza continued to deteriorate. In January 2006 the Hamas organization won the elections to the Palestinian Legislative Council and was invited by Fatah to join a coalition government headed by the latter. In June 2007 Hamas carried out a coup in the Gaza Strip followed by a violent campaign, leading to the murder and assault of dozens of Fatah officials. After this coup, Hamas gained control over all the Palestinian government apparatuses in Gaza.


Is it true that Israel occupies Gaza? While the Belligerent Occupation Law does not provide an explicit answer, the accepted approach is that of a “mirror image” of the conditions for its creation, that is, when the occupying army no longer maintains effective control over the territory and in instead, there is a new regime that has such control. The occupation can end by means of an agreement or when the occupier is forced to leave, but also, by a unilateral act of leaving the land taken by the occupying power. Israel withdrew from the Gaza area in 2005.


During Operation Cast Lead (2008-2009), Israel declared a blockade against the Gaza Strip to prevent the entry of weapons. The blockade of the Gaza Strip is legal (The San Remo Convention 1995 and according to the Palmer investigative commission (UN) on the flotilla to Gaza 2010). Palmer concluded that: 1) Israel’s naval blockade of Gaza is legal and Israel has the right to impose it; 2) the decision to break the naval blockade (by the flotilla) was a reckless act; 3) the conduct and the true objectives of the organizers of the flotilla, in particular the Humanitarian Relief Foundation (IHH), were absolutely violent.


Until 2011, Hamas’s main sponsor country was Iran, and by various estimates 80% of Iran’s foreign aid was for Hamas’s armed wing. Due to Hamas opposition to Assad in Syria and he is a great ally of Iran, Hamas had to leave Damascus (its headquarters then) and Iran stopped giving them money. For 6 years, Qatar has been the main financier and, with the approval of Israel, some $25 million per month are given to the rulers of the Gaza Strip (this is how they pay their public employees).


What topics will we cover in this chapter?


1) History between Israel and the Gaza Strip?


2) What physical conditions does the Gaza Strip have?


3) Why did Hamas carry out a coup against the Palestinian Authority in June 2007?


4) Is the Gaza Strip occupied by Israel?


5) If Israel does not “occupy” Gaza, in what other form it does influence it?


6) Why has Israel imposed a blockade on the Gaza Strip?


7) Is the Israeli blockade of the Gaza Strip legal?


8) How do you explain the entry of products, currency, people and merchandise into the Gaza Strip from Israel?


9) The situation of the economy of the Gaza Strip (until the year 2021)


10) What is the fishing situation on the coasts of the Gaza Strip?


11) How many and what types of missiles did the Islamists launch from Gaza (2021)?